Being Judgemental and Critical — an Interview with Swami Dayananda Saraswati

Question: “Swamiji, what are some ways to reshape a mind that is judgmental and critical, a mind that you have referred to as a proofreader’s mind?”

Swami Dayananda Saraswati, “The problem here is that everyone wants to operate in a controlled situation. We want to have every situation under control so that it is easy for us to operate. To control a situation is to make things predictable. Only then do we feel we can operate. If we think we have no control, we cannot act and we panic.

This is a psychological problem for many people. For such people, every situation has to be edited and controlled, even love.And once that control is gone, they cannot operate. If their plans are disturbed,they become panicky because they do not know how to operate without some kind of framework. This is due to a childhood problem and causes them to deal with everyone in a judgmental way.

When we judge people, it is easier to deal with them. Thus, the saying “Call a man a dog and then kick him.” We operate from a standpoint of judgment. Wecan always relate to a judgment. But if we do not judge people, dealing with them becomes very difficult because we remain open, a situation that makes us feel very vulnerable and therefore uncomfortable. Because we always want to be very sure,we judge people, categorize them, label them. Then it is easy to deal with them.

In everyday situations, we may sometimes have to do this. But fundamentally, if we judge and then label people, we have a problem. A judgmental person is a person who is not very sure about how to handle people asthey are and finds it very difficult to do so.Those who are judgmental are also highly judgmental about themselves.Therefore, they judge others and then behave accordingly. They usually fulfill their own projections and then project their opinions, their judgments, upon others.

People who judge others are always very sure that they are correct, which is another problem because they will not revise their opinions. They fall in love withtheir own judgments, as it were, and therefore do not want to revise them. Only in this way they feel secure. Those who keep revising their judgments are not judgmental, really speaking.In certain situations where you have to do something, you act, but you do not judge the person for good. This means you are open. To people who are judgmental, this openness is vulnerability. So they keep on judging.Being critical of others is a problem caused by some kind of jealousy, some kind of intolerance.

The whole problem is based on a particular way of looking at oneself. If I am very insecure with myself, then I always seek secure situations outside, some framework within which to operate. Criticizing others amounts to low self-esteem.How do I correct this problem? By looking into my self-esteem. Why do I have such a low self-esteem? What is it that I don’t’ have? In this way, we have to conduct an inquiry on self-esteem itself. Instead of trying to improve the self-esteem,we ask ourselves, “What is this low self-esteem?” There are certain things, of course, which will help develop self-esteem, but first we must question the low self-esteem, “What is esteem, and on what basis do I estimate myself?” Upon analysis, the low self-esteem will simply fall apart. Therefore, this analysis must be done constantly.

We can also begin to give the benefit of doubt to the other person and to allow that person to be what he or she is. A person is a dynamic person and, therefore, can always change. Also, our perception may be wrong. More often than not, it is our own projection. We simply project and judge from our own standpoint. We have definite ideas aboutwhat is right and wrong and these we project upon other people.If we understand these things, we have a certain basis upon which to deal with people as they are.

People are not always the same; they are continuallychanging. If we are ready for surprises, we will not be surprised. Nor will we be disappointed.The proofreading mind is one that is always trying to find some defect in the other person. This is what is meant by criticism. The other person may have some virtues, but the one who criticizes always tries to find his or her defects. In fact, one who criticizes finds only the defects. To correct this, we should look only forthe virtues and then any criticism that arises is more balanced. There is no necessity whatsoever to criticize. Criticism is nothing but intolerance, stemming from our own problems.

(An excerpt from “Re-Shaping the Mind” Published in Arsha Vidya Gurukulam 3rd anniversary souvenir, 1989.)


2 thoughts on “Being Judgemental and Critical — an Interview with Swami Dayananda Saraswati

  1. Hairh Om, thank you for sharing this interview.

    I am curious as to why there are pictures of Sathya Sai Baba interspersed in this article, as he does not seem to be referenced in Pujya Swamiji’s speech. I recently learned that Pujya Swamiji says that he is being used as a commodity on the internet and the emphasis is not on the teaching. To comply with Swamiji’s wishes, a group of us students try to ensure Pujya Swamiji and Arsha Vidya are clearly cited where his teachings are present on the internet. Kindly clarify this, as Swamiji’s teachings and AVG publications have copyrights belonging to the name of Swami Dayananda Saraswati and Arsha Vidya Gurukulam.

    Again, thank you for posting. Om.

    1. I am glad that you have found the posting useful and informative.

      None of the articles in this blog is mine. I have copied and pasted them from several sources—the intention is to expose the readers to different sources. Therefore, you would find every archarya’s views here, whether he is a Smartha, Vaishnavite, Shakta, Lingayat, Saivite, etc.

      I posted Sri Satya Sai’s photograph together with Swami Dayananda Sarawati’s article because I felt the two Swamijis, who belong to the Smartha sambradayat, share common views about spirituality. Of course, in the original article, there was no mention of Sri Satya Sai.

      I have had the opportunity of talking to Swamiji maharaj many years ago; and have had also attended a number of His erudite talks when He was in my country. I respect Him for what He is and what He represents. There would, therefore, be no intention on my part to use Him or His society for a purpose that is at variance with His wishes or views.

      If you or your coterie of spiritual friends represents Him, and you’ll strongly feel that I should remove ALL of Swamiji’s articles and talks from my blog, I shall be more than willing to honour that wish, if that is what Swamijis wants.

      Hari Om

      Tat Sat.

Leave a Reply

Please log in using one of these methods to post your comment: Logo

You are commenting using your account. Log Out /  Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )


Connecting to %s